Articles on GHG emissions, their impact on the greenhouse effect and global temperatures, plus profiles of cement industry, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorocarbons. Analysis of Emissions Gap, carbon capture & storage, and much more.
We explain the complexities involved in producing accurate emission statistics of greenhouse gases like nitrous oxide, methane and CO2, for use by the world’s media. We know the troposphere contains excessively high levels of these gases, but pinpointing their precise source(s) can be next to impossible.
The introduction of electric vehicles (EVs) is an essential element in any climate action plan that aims to reduce the amount of toxic pollutants and greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere. However, if EVs are to deliver real benefits, a number of challenges need to be overcome. We investigate the pros and cons of electric vehicles: namely, emissions & pollution benefits versus charging point infrastructure, range and cost.
The cement industry produces huge, unsustainable CO2 emissions as it makes clinker, the binder in concrete. In addition, its high-temperature furnaces use up large amounts of coal or other fossil fuels, further boosting emissions. We explain the whole problem.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most predominant and longest living greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. We explain its global warming potential, its main sources, its impact on the greenhouse effect and climate change, and its movement through the fast and slow carbon cycles. We also compare current levels of atmospheric CO2 with historical levels.
Methane levels are rising – bad news for the planet because they add significantly to global warming – but as yet we don’t know why. We cast an eye over the main culprits: leakage from oil and gas infrastructure, shale gas fracking, tropical microbial methanogenesis in rice paddies, intensive livestock farming and the US ammonia industry.
The main GHG emissions are those from CO2, methane, nitrous oxide and chlorofluorocarbons. The biggest man-made sources are coal, petroleum, natural gas, wood and peat. Wildfires, soil and wetlands are major natural sources. We provide a full explanation.
The “Greenhouse Effect” is a naturally occurring process which ensures that Earth’s surface temperature is a cosy 15°C (59°F) instead of the freezing minus 18°C (zero degrees Fahrenheit) that it would otherwise be. Unfortunately, global warming has destabilized this process, causing a significant increase in temperature, and extreme weather events around the world.
• Man-made greenhouse gas emissions, globally consist of roughly: 74.5 percent carbon dioxide (CO2), 17.5 percent methane (CH4), 6 percent nitrous oxide (N2O) and 2 percent fluorinated gases. • Nearly half of the world’s CO2 emissions are generated by the activities of about 10 percent of the world’s population. • About 70 percent of all CO2 emitted into the atmosphere is removed after 100 years. A further 10 percent is removed over the next 200 years. This leaves about 20 percent, which remains active in the atmosphere for tens if not hundreds of thousands of years, with a mean lifetime of between 30,000 and 35,000 years. • The largest sources of man-made greenhouse gas emissions are: (1) Transport (30 percent) like cars, trains, trucks, ships and aeroplanes. (2) Electricity production (27.5 percent). (3) Industry (22.2 percent). (4) Heating for homes and businesses (11.6 percent). (5) Livestock agriculture (9 percent). • There are an estimated 1,200 billion tons of frozen carbon dioxide and methane stored in permafrost in the extreme North. As global temperatures rise, permafrost is thawing and releasing its stores of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. An ancient type of Siberian permafrost known as yedoma, has become a significant source of methane, releasing about 4 million tons a year. • Deforestation and forest degradation are estimated to account for 7-9 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.